OVULATION

Ovulation is the release of an egg,or ovum,which may then be fertilized by sperm cell or dissolved during menstruation. Part of ovary called the ovrain follicile discharges an egg, This egg is also known as ovum or female gamete.

It’s process is simple by which the ovary of the woman release the egg or ovum for possible fertilization.

The process from which the egg is released is called ovulation.

TIME LAPSE EMBRO MONITORING

Embroscope is a new type of special incubator that has developed in camera for taking pictures of embro for many times in hour.After developing,they arev combined to create a time lapse-video which shows embroy’s developing at each and every stage;for embryology team to asses.

This process allows embryologist to monior embryocell divisions while embroys are still in incubator.

Some studies show that embryos with specific division and certain development pattern can have 15-20% better chance of pregnancy.

FEMALE INFERTILITY

It is a disease of reproductive system. It is defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse .Infertility can be further broken into primary and secondary infertility.

It can be also termed as, trying to get pregnant for at least a year with no success.

When a c ouple have been actively trying to conceive through protected intercourse or other method for over a year without a success is infertility.

PRECONCEPTION HEALTH SCREENING

Preconception care aims to identify and modify medical; behavioural and social risks to your health or pregnancy outcome.

The screening is designed to fully evaluate and prepare you with your partner for a healthy pregnancy.

Its most important as many couples defer the age of children bearing into their thirities.

RISK FACTORS:

A.NUTRITIONAL STATUS

B.MEDICAL CONDITIONS

C.PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCERNS

D.USE OF TOBACCO,ALCOHOL AND RECREATIONAL DRUGS.

ANTENATAL CARE

Prenatal care is also termed as ‘ANTENATAL’ care is preserved by women when they are pregnant; and go for are a regular checkups from a doctor.

It’s a ANTENATAL care for mother and fetus during pregnancy, for obtaining the best possible result for the baby and mother.

MAIN OBJECTIVES:

A. Maintain proper health of mother while pregnancy.

B. Increase development

C. Remove stress and worries of mother

D. Teach the mother about child care.

E. Give advice of proper planning.

HIGH RISK PREGNANCY CARE

The pregnancy is termed as high when there is an increased chance of a health problem. Many undefinately things can put you in high risk. Doctor’s attention is needed for your special care during your pregnancy. Your doctor will find your problem earlier;when you are in pregnancy and special care is given by doctors only. Otherwise your baby will have problems. Your pregnancy may be in risk when; you are suffering with a health problem, such as:

A.EPILEPSY

B.CANCER

C.DIABETES

D.HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

E.KIDNEY DISEASE

POST NATAL WELLNESS

Postnatal wellness requires extra nutritional support and emotions. The body must have extra demand for the best nutrition as well. The pregnant women must feel; that she is in a safe environment with extra precautions taken with the health of the baby and mother always at the forefront.

POST NATAL CARE

A.GETTING ENOUGH REST

B.EATING RIGHT NUTRITION

C.VAGINAL CARE

COMMON GYNE PROBLEM

A Doctor who practices of medicines is called a gynecologist. Gynecology is a branch of medicines which deals with care of women in pregnancy and childbirth.

PROBLEMS OF COMMON GYNEC

A.VAGNITIS

B.STDs

C.PELVIC DISORDERS

D.PELVIC PAIN

E.VULVODYNIA

F.PAINFUL INTERCOURSE

G.FIBROIDS

H.ENDOMETROSIS

I.MENOPAUSE

J.PAIN DURING SEX

Disorders that affect female reproductive system is gynec disorders. The reproductive system includes breasts, uterus, fallopian tube, ovaries and genitalia.

FIBROIDS

Fibroids is a common term for uterine fibroids. It is a tumor of fibrous; find on the skin.

TYPES OF FIBROIDS

A.SUBMUCOSAL FIBROIDS

B.CERVICAL FIBROIDS

C.PEDUNCULATED FIBROIDS

Fibroids is a non- preventive diseases. If the weight is in healthy weight of a woman for her height; she may reduce her risk of developing fibroids.

Foods on a fibrouds diet plan are known as ‘FIBROID’SHRINKING FOODS.

PREGNANCY

Pregnancy is also termed as gestation. It’s a period in which one more than one offspring developes inside a women.

Pregnancy is tested by a pregnancy test. Pregnancy includes three trimesters:

1.From one week till 12 months it includes conception.

2.Second trimester is from week 13 till 28th week; more than 90% of basis can survive outside of uterus if high quality of medical care is provided.

3. Third trimester is from 29 weeks till 40th weeks. In this; period prenatal care improves pregnancy outcomes.

UNWANTED PREGNANCY (ABORTION)

Abortion is a miscarriage or it is termed as recurrent pregnant or pregnancy loss. It is the premature exit of conception from uterus.

It is the loss of pregnancy and the reason is not referred that why the pregnancy is lost. The word abortion is often used to mean only induced abortions. Those who oppose abortion; they mostly use to obtain that an embryo or fetus is a human with a right to life and compare aboryion to murder.

REASONS OF ABORTION:

A.UNKNOWN (25%)

B.PATERNIAL FACTOR

C.MATERNAL ENVIRONMENT (15%)

D.OVUAL OR FETAL (60%)

BREAST ISSUES

Pain in the mammary gland also known as mastagian ;in medical. The breast pain may be constant , cylical or when it is touched. The pains are associated by lumps. The pain can be in one or both breast. Women affected by breasts may feel many different emotions for example fear, frustrations or helplessness .Breast pain cant increase to breast cancer.

CAUSES OF BREAST PAIN

A. PREGNANCY

B. PMS (PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME)

C. MENOPAUSE

D. FIBROCYSTIC BREAST DISEASES

E. MASTITIS

F. INTRADUCTAL PAPILLOMA

G. TEENAGE PREGNANCY

H. ECTOPIC PREGNANCY

ENDOMETRIOSIS

The condition results from the appearance of endometrial tissue outside the uterus which causes which causes pelvic pain and it’s specially associated with menstruation. The tissue which makes uterine lining which is present on other organs inside your body and also some woman’s not have at all symptoms of endometriosis.

Endometriosis can be actively diagnosed by a doctor by taking a laparoscopy by taking a sample of suspected abnormality.

FAST FACTS:

A. Affects between 6 and 10% of women.

B. Symptoms are mostly present during reproductive years.

C. It is not contagious.

ENDOMETRIOSIS AFFECTS:

A. THE LYMPH NODES

B. THE PERITONEUM

C. THE OVARIES

D. THE FALLOPAIN TUBES

Endometriosis is an incurable but manageable condition.

CONTRACEPTION

Contraception is the method intended to prevent a women becoming pregnant .It prevents pregnancy by interfering with the normal process of ovulation, fertilization and implementation. Contraception is effective when used faithfully.

METHODS OF CONTRACEPTION

LONG LASTING

BARRIER METHOD

PERMANENT CONTRACEPTION

EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION

HORMONAL CONTRACEPTION

TYPES OF CONTRACEPTION

A. THE PILL

B. THE MALE CONDOM

C. THE FEMALE CONDOM

D. THE DIAPHRAGM

E. THE CERVICAL CAP-FEMCAP

F. THE INTRAUTERINE DEVICE

G. THE CONTRACEPTIVE IMPLANT

H. THE CONTRACEPTIVE SPONGE

I. THE SPERMICIDE

J. THE VAGINAL RING

K. THE NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING

L. THE EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION

GYNE CANCERS

Each of the other cancers are different in it’s risks , treatments ,causes and with different survival rates. The cancers which are all related to cervix, ovaries, and vulva is gynecological cancer. The common symptoms of gyne problems are bleeding , loss of appetite , bloating, back pain. The treatment of cancer depend on the type of cancer as how far the cancer had been spread. Treatment of the patients of cancer depends upon the stages of diseases.

Patients of cancer need special treatment with well- developed multi-disciplinary approach and experts for the better management to achieve the best results

Cancer treatment can be done by radiotherapy.

4 Gynecological cancer are :

1. ENDOMETRIAL CANCER

2. OVARIAN CANCER

3. CERVICAL CANCER

4. VULVAR CANCER

LAPARASCOPY

Laparoscopy uses to examine inside your pelvic area .It only allows your doctor to see inside your body. It has a shorter healing time than to do open surgery. Its procedure is performed by gynecologist or general surgeon. Laparoscopy requires a large incision.

SOME TYPES OF LAPAROSCOPY TREATMENT:

A. ADHENSION TREATMENT

B. REMOVAL OF UTERUS

C. TREATMENT FOR ENDOMETRIOSIS

D. REMOVAL OF OVARIAN CYSTS

Laparoscopy surgery is also referred as invasive surgery.

BENEFITS OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY:

A. TIME RECOVERS QUICK

B. HOSPITALS STAY SHORT TIME

C. EARLIER RETURNS TO FULL ACTIVITES

HYSTEROSCOPY

The surgery which allows to see inside your uterus in order to examine and treat causes of abnormal bleeding .It is usually performed by your reproductive endocrinologist (RE) ANESTHESIA. Hysteroscopy is the inspection of uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through cervix. It is a form of minimally invasive surgery . Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows a physician to look through the vagina and the neck of the uterus. Hysteroscopy is used as both as of diagnostic and a treatment tool.

SIDE EFFECTS OF HYSTEROSCOPY:

A. REGULAR PAINKILLER

B. CHANGING PADS FREQUENTLY

C. RED BLOOD OR LARGE CLOTS

D. FOUL SMELLING VAGINAL DISCHARGE

PERIODS

Periods is also known as menstruation .It is woman’s monthly bleeding .Menstruation is nothing but (MEN-STARY-SHUN).Menstrual blood flows from uterus through small opening in the cervix and passes out of the body through the vagina.Most menstrual period last 3 to 5 days.

WHAT IS MENSTRUAL CYCLE?

When periods (menstruations) come regularly, this is called menstrual cycle.

PROBLEMS FACED BY WOMAN DURING PERIODS:

A.VERY SENSITIVE SKIN

B. MOOD SWINGS

C. SLUGGISHNESS

OVARIAN CYSTS

Most cysts are functional